Reggio, at the Heart of the Mediterranean area, boasts a 3500-years-long history and the birth-place of Italy
Situated on the southern tip of the Italian peninsula, facing Sicily, REGGIO is the place where, some 3500 years ago, the name "Italy" was first used. It had been inhabited by several AUSONIAN-ITALIC people before GREEK arrived, around 743 BC. Rhégion was a Polis of Magna Græcia and an important maritime, commercial and cultural centre, with the presence of academies of art, philosophy and science. Famous ancient historian and geographer Strabo described it as an «illustrious city».
Rhegium allied with the ROMANS and, in 551 AD, became a BYZANTINE Metropoli and cultural centre. After the ARAB period it passed under the NORMANS, the SWABIANS and ARAGONESE and ANGEVIN rules, before being a part of the SPANISH crown. Between 1759-1861, except a brief period of FRENCH rule, Reggio was under the BOURBONS of Naples and in 1847 has been described as «one vast garden, and doubtless one the loveliest spots to be seen on Earth» by the writer and painter Edward Lear. Reggio ideally represents the whole Mediterranean.
Starting, for instance, in front of the prestigious National Archæological Museum we will walk along the Sea Promenade, known as "the most beautiful kilometre in Italy", and pass to the upper part of the city, stopping at: the Botanic Gardens, facing the sea; ancient Greek Tombs; the contemporary open-air Theatre facing the Strait; the 5th cent. BC Walls which once surrounded the town; ones of the nine ancient Roman Baths (2nd cent. AD); the Cathedral and its 17th cent. chapel; the Neo-Byzantine Ottimati Church (in case it will be open); the Norman-Aragonese Castle with its 15th cent. towers; the present-day central square, been the 8th cent. BC Agorà, which includes underground archæological excavations (10th-18th cent. AD); ruins of the Giudecca or Jewish district; some handsome Neo-Classical, Neo-Gothic and Liberty style buildings (19th-20th cent) along the way; the ruins of Griso-Laboccetta, a 6th cent. BC sanctuary dated back to the ancient Rhégion city. Itinerary may be modified according to visitors.
Meeting Point + Tour Duration
Meeting Point Options: Rail or Bus Station, Cruise Ship Port, Hotel, Address or Intersection, Monument/Building
Duration: 4 hours
- Guiding Services
Estimated Local Cash Needed
3 EUR - Entrance to the Castle is mostly for free although in case there will be a non-free-admission temporary exhibition you might need to pay a 2 - 5 Euro entrance fee for the Castle.
- Personal Expenses
- Food, Drinks, Snacks
Due to political issues (more than ten years have passed since the last time the regional government gave the chance to apply for exams to become a tour guide) I will not able to guide you inside the National Archæological Museum of Reggio.